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Cell Division By Mitosis | All Stages Of Mitotic Cell Division

Mitosis occurs continuously inside the body or somatic cells.Daughter cells have a  diploid number (2N)  of chromosomes like their parent plant

Jagriti
updated: 19 May 2022

Mitosis :

  • Mitosis occurs continuously inside the body or somatic cells.
  • The nucleus divides only once.
  • They follow the asexual mode of reproduction that is found in somatic cells.
  • It occurs more frequently.
  • It is always an equational division.
  • Daughter cells have a diploid number (2N) of chromosomes like their parent plant.
  • The whole process complete in one sequence or phase after one round of DNA replication.
  • No crossing over or chiasmata formation takes place in the chromosome.
  • There is no exchange of genetic material between the homologous chromosome.
  • It has some sub-phase for different functions regarding cell division.

Interphase:

-They contain 23 pairs of chromosome i.e., 46 chromosomes (n).

Prophase:

-Chromosome doubled to 92 and then the nucleus dissolves and microtubules attach to the nucleus(2n).

Metaphase:

-Chromosome aligns in the middle of the cell or the equator.

Anaphase:

-Separated chromosome pulled apart from the center after being attached to centromere with the help of spindle fiber.

Telophase:

-Microtubules disappear and cell division begins.

Cytokinesis:

-The daughter cells are formed with 46 each chromosome, equal to the parent cell.

  • There is only one prophase, one metaphase, one anaphase, and one telophase.
  • Two identical daughter cells are formed.

 

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